Archive for the ‘TED’ Category:

The Unquiet Introvert – Quiet: a Question of structure

As I continue to read Susan Cain’s “Quiet”, I’m struck by reasonably complicated feelings.  Quiet is clearly well researched, containing everything I expect to read along with new facts I had not previously encounters.  As popular books on introversion go, then it is reasonably encyclopedic.  As such I can’t hesitate to recommend it to somebody who wants a quick and dirty introduction to this facet of personality.  The writing itself, however, leaves me confused.

The first problem is one of structure.  The book began by using stories – effectively anecdotes - about individual introverts to illustrate points about introversion.  As it progressed the book moves on to using descriptions of scientific research and experiments that prove their points.  As I said, sub-par Malcome Gladwell. Then, as if from nowhere, suddenly Cain steps in, a gonzo journalist mode, going to visit some of the scientists and researchers she describes.  Except that, well, Cain doesn’t really get that much from them.  It could be a good story of her experiences with interesting characters, if only the characters she wrote about were interesting, or had interesting stories to tell.  Instead, we see encounters which don’t do much more than take longer to explain what their experiments have proven.  We don’t get any insight into debate within the introvert research community.  We don’t get any of the outlandish ideas some researchers might have.  Its just a different way of writing.

The other problem is one of staying with the story.  At one point Cain gets into discussing a question of nature vs nurture, especially in relation to highly reactive children.  So far, so good.  But as she gets into the neurophysiology which might underly the reasons for their high reactivity, she moves off into an aside into her own problems with public speaking.  Don’t get me wrong, there is a link – and I can see why she moves from one to the other, but then Cain moves back to talking about the highly reactive children then back to public speaking again.  Back and forth between the two ideas, without any sense that what she is doing is breaking up both narratives.

I wasn’t expecting to find it was the style of writing which left me cold about this book – Cain’s TED speech was masterfully structured, but left a distate in my mouth about Susan Cain’s ideas about introverts needing special treatment.  So far I don’t find any of these distasteful ideas in the book, and yet the storytelling is seriously flawed – flawed in ways I would expect an editor approaching this book to quickly fix.

The Unquiet Introvert : First Impressions

I’ve begun reading (at last) Susan Cain’s “Quiet”.  I’m only a few chapters in – so I have little to say about it right now, other than my first impressions.  I’ll probably come back to discussing both ideas in the book, and related ideas it has raised in my mind as I continue to progress through it.

I can’t help but feel, on reading this book, that Susan Cain feels she is treading som new ground by writing about introverts.  Maybe she is.  Maybe this is the first popular book about introverts which isn’t designed for introverts – I’m not sure.  But in basing the core of her book on explaining that introverts are not like extroverts for a very particular reason – and that this makes things hard for introverts – which is a shame because introverts have a lot to offer – Cain is only really covering ground from books like “The Introvert Advantage” – a number of which clutter my bookshelves.

Indeed my feeling in reading this book is that Susan Cain is trying to be to introverts what Malcolm Gladwell is to connectors, salesmen, mavens, people who have good hunches, experts and (probably I haven’t read it) dogs with eyes.  Unfortunately, Cain isn’t as good a story teller.  She introduces lots of interesting ideas, but they feel to me more of a mishmash of things you might like to know about introversion rather than leading us towards a big reveal – if she is leading us towards something big, there is at least a flaw in the disjointed nature of the things she is writing about.

The book does go deeper into the science than many of the other books in this subject I have read – and I’m particularly interested int he neurophysiology sections that she describes.  I’m less happy with the fact that every so often, Cain stumbles across a hard question (nature or nurture : does brain activity tie us into behaving in a particular way, or does our brain activity reflect the way we have learned to act?  Why do some highly sensitive children not turn out to be introverts?), she doesn’t seem to press harder to find an answer – or to find out why the scientists researching this don’t know the answer.  I’m even left feeling that her descriptions of papers might be lacking some details which are important to understand why the papers lead to the conclusions they do. I’m going to have a reading list of papers (or at least abstracts of papers) to go through before I’m happy I’ve learned the things this book should have been telling me.  Unfortunately, I think all of this is probably symptomatic of someone with an arts education finding themselves stumbling into scientific journalism – almost as bad as someone with a mathematical education trying to write book reviews.

So far, I’m glad I’m reading the book, and it feels far less of an attack on extraverts, and far more about they hows and whys of introversion than her TED talk did. I also have far fewer problems with the “Are you an introvert” test as presented within the book, than as it was presented on the Guardian website – though I would note that my hugely extroverted wife scored only 5 (suggesting that no extravert feels they can agree with all the extraverted statements she offers) while I scored 19 and another friend scored 20 (suggesting that introverts do find themselves easily able to arrive at the bottom end of the scale), suggesting there may be some bias towards getting readers to identify themselves as introverts… or again a lack of statistical understanding on Cain’s part.

Given the huge media splash this book has made, I would be very intrigued to see Susan Cain’s ideas about self promotion and PR for introverts.  There might be a follow up for her int hat area!

Why I Write This Blog

When I was writing the article about Susan Cain, I ventured into the territory of discussing the value, to me, of blogging:  The fact that knowing I have done something with an idea – that I have shared it, even if no one reads what I’ve shared, is cathartic – its relaxing, and lets me get on with other things.

In the previous article about TEDXGranta I opined that it was a shame that ideas, when expressed were not always presented as well as they could be – and that that got in the way of the message.

So clearly this blog is perfect.  And I’m proud of everything I’ve written, right?

Yeah.  Whatever.

You see, I would dearly love this blog to be perfect.  But I’m lazy.  Too lazy to strive for perfection.  Which is, I admit, a flaw.  But even worse, I have great trouble with letting people perceive me as being imperfect.  Which means I don’t want to show them anything I’ve done.  Nothing I do will ever be perfect enough – so to myself, I will always seem to be too lazy.

However, I have ideas, and until I started this blog, they were just buzzing around in my head, waiting for me to do something with them.  Something I would never do, because to actually realize my ideas would show up imperfections – both in the idea, and in my attempt to do something with them.  I’m keeping myself locked up in a gaol of my own creation.  And if so, then this blog is a halfway house back to society.

You see, I didn’t tell anyone about this blog.  I just wrote to it.

And, when I wrote to it, I never cared that much about checking what I wrote.  There was no deep planning, just thinking thinking thinking until I was fit to burst, then writing until the muse left, or I reached a sentence which sounded like a conclusion.  After that the copy editing was negligible and I published without caring what the world thought.  Because, it was only under this set of rules that I could get anything written at all.  Only under these rules that I could do anything with my ideas.

And this is the way I’m going to continue.  At first, when I wrote to this blog, I thought I would write mainly about things I had special knowledge of – I have quite deep knowledge of the Windows driver ecosystem, and have attended enough of Microsoft’s conferences to let me think I have some insight into their corporate mind.  But as its moved on, I’ve used it as a place to dump other ideas.  Mainly technical ideas.  Applications I’ll never write.  Business strategies I’ll never convince the person who has power to take seriously.  But more and more, I want to talk about other things – the things which sit on the top of my mind from hour to hour.  The last two articles were examples of this – I’ve written about Introversion – which is both a major curse and a god given boon to me, and I’ve talked about ideas – which is the landscape I live in – away from the minor irritations of day to day life.

But there are other paths where I still fear to tread.  Spirituality.  My own half assed philosophies.  Stuff which could be described as the trashiest of self help, where the only scientific proof is an n=me sample.  Maybe I’ll find a way of broaching some of that here.  Because even if ideas only work for a few of us, its worth it if the idea is out there.

I’ve heard it said that ideas alone have no value.  When I first heard it, I agreed wholeheartedly.  Because I had ideas, and no one was paying me for them.  But this was just an excuse.  My ideas may have been priceless.  But all the gold in the world doesn’t do anything if you keep it locked away and don’t let anybody know you want to sell it.  No ideas do have value.  I buy books because I want to expose myself to good ideas.  Sure, the clarity of the writing helps.  The references to back up the ideas are nice.  Anything which stops my thoughts getting in the way of me paying attention to the idea is good.  But if there was no idea, no matter how nice the writing, I would consider the book to be almost valueless.

This all means I can put a price on ideas.  The sort of ideas I read about (which often are not that huge or world changing) I might expect to get one or two of in a paperback.  So to me, a good idea is worth, perhaps, a fiver.  The good thing about ideas, is that you can sell them over and over again to different people.  The bad thing about ideas is that, no matter how much you want to, you can’t own them.  And if someone can express that idea better than you – more clearly, more easily to get hold of, in video when you’re still on a cuniform tablet, then they’ll take the money.  And you can’t complain – because the idea isn’t yours.  But you also can’t complain, because the idea is being spread.  And because one idea being taken doesn’t mean you are out of ideas, it means you have more space to create more ideas.  And it means you know your ideas are valuable.

I’ve noticed many authors say they keep getting asked the question “Where do you get your ideas?”.  And I’ve noticed them having glib answers.  Answers which don’t answer the question.  Because the authors don’t know.  They might know what inspired a particular idea.  But they don’t know where the ideas come from (though Elizabeth Gilbert has some good thoughts on this.  See her TED speech.  Also, she doesn’t let her fear of being judged get in the way of writing about the spiritual side of her life.).  he fact is, authors have lots of ideas – they don’t get their ideas from anywhere – in fact their biggest job is to know which ideas not to use (or not to use just yet). I rather suspect authors, on their death beds, are more upset about the infinity of stories they haven’t been able to tell yet then of the few finely crafted stories they got out into the world.  People who say they never have ideas – or don’t know where ideas come from are wrong.

Its a lot like people who say “I never remember my dreams” or “I never dream”.  Everybody dreams.  We have pretty decent scientific proof that everybody dreams.  People who don’t remember their dreams, are people who don’t think paying attention to their dreams is important.  If you want to remember your dreams, all you have to do is the following

1. When you wake up, don’t move.  Moving seems to be the thing that eats dreams

2. Ask yourself:  was I dreaming just then.

3.  If you were, write down everything that you remember.  And perhaps meditate on bits to see if they help you remember other parts of your dream.

4.  Also, if, during the day, you recollect a dream fragment – you realize that a memory you recall couldn’t possibly have happened, write it down.

Do that, and often you’ll be remembering multiple dreams a night.  Don’t do that, and you could go on thinking you don’t ever dream.

Ideas are very similar.  We all have ideas.  We all think, from time to time “This sucks”.  That’s an idea.  When something sucks, there’s an idea telling you that something could be better.  Give it a couple of seconds pondering, and you might have a notion of how something could be improved.  It might be a fanciful thought.  You might immediately realize why it wouldn’t work.  But its an idea.  Seriously we have ideas all the time.  We just don’t recognize them.

For the record – its unlikely that you’ll have original ideas.  Because original ideas are mind bending weirdness, things that take a leap of consciousness to obtain.  Original ideas are for the prophets, philosophers, scientists and artists. (and only the very few of them, the rest are hacks, just like you and me).  What most of our ideas are is about combining things we already know in new ways.  Ideas are usually about 1 + 1.  God ideas are about the result being 3.  Bad ideas are about the result being .5.  Very rarely will we have to invent a whole new numbering system.

When we do recognize ideas, they have a habit of buzzing around and annoying us.  They want to be applied to everything.  Or they want us to apply them instead of washing the dishes and turning up for work.

When I talked about dreams, I talked about thinking about them, and about writing them down.  By honouring dreams, we mark them as something important to us.  Something we should pay attention to.  Ideas are the same… we need to honour them – to recognize them as important.  And we honour ideas by doing something with them, something more than just thinking about them.  When you honour dreams, you don’t keep getting the same dream – you net new dreams. The same is true of ideas.  Ideas don’t dry up.  The more ideas you’ve had, the more you are able to have, so long as you keep recognizing them as important.


This blog is about honouring ideas.  Its a place where I write about them.  A place where I share them.  A place where anyone can take them.  These ideas may not be worth a fiver.  And I certainly don’t expect anyone to pay me for them (though any donations you might like to offer won’t be rejected out of hand).  This blog is about putting them out there in case anybody finds them valuable – or anybody who isn’t a perfectionist might actually want to realize them.  Its a gift to myself, and (in a way) my gift to anyone who cares.

As of yet, I haven’t told anybody about this blog, even though I’ve been writing it for 6 months.  Google knows about it.  My wife knows about it.  Occasionally people stumble across it, and probably wonder where they are.  But the people who know me, don’t know about it.  I’m not sharing the ideas widely enough yet.  This may have to change.


But not quite now.

Because I’m scared they’ll find out I’m imperfect (like they don’t already know)

But ideas want to be free.  They want to be shared.

So someday.  Soon.  I promise.

On Susan Cain and Introverts

Susan Cain seems to be the most recent person to discover that there is nothing wrong with being an introvert.  Her TED speech was impressive, because Susan Cain is a wonderful, energetic, empathic speaker.  And there is a segment of the population – introverts – who are going to react strongly to it, because its a message we all like to hear : “All those things you’ve been told time and time again are wrong with you?  Well there is nothing wrong with you.  You’re a beautiful little flower – in fact you’re probably more beautiful than some of those big brash gaudy flowers.  And the world – well the world better shape up and start making your life easier, or, well, there’s gonna be some indeterminate form of trouble”

For the record, I’m an introvert.  A big, avoid parties, enjoy solitude and reading, and keeping my thoughts to myself, introvert.  I often say (as a joke… although all jokes have an element of truth in them deep down) that I hate people.  And I’m not a self loathing introvert.  I also agree that its an extravert’s world out there. I learned long ago to accept what being an introvert means to me:

Other people are tiring.

I find it hard to think, when I’m also trying to manage all those other, tiring people.

I’m bloody well not going to tell you what I’m thinking about, until I’ve formed the thought in my head, and got it fairly right.

Because inside my head is where things matter.  Its where I live.  The outside of my head is just a place where new things come from – its job is to funnel them into my mind.

I have no evidence (and I can’t read her book, until the end of March, so I may have to write a follow up then) but I suspect Susan Cain agrees with me on these points.

But we disagree – I think – on one major issue.  Susan Cain comes close to suggesting that introverts and extraverts are at war.  Whereas I think between us we have more potential if we work together.  And for introverts – as a niche, its up to us to find our way into the inefficient cracks of extravert society.  If its a war, we are not an opposing army.  We are a resistance, who extraverts might one day wake up and notice are running everything, secretly, behind the scenes.  If we’ve done it right, the extraverts won’t even care.

So – let me get this straight – I do think the world needs to be told that there is nothing wrong with being an introvert.  I do think its right that extraverts should be told there are people whose minds work in a slightly different way from yours (incidentally, if you’re an extravert… imagine you’ve spent all day in meetings.  Then gone out with a crowd of people after work.  Then, on arriving home, you’re in-laws have turned up for dinner.  Just as you are seeing them out the front door, after a lovely meal, a friend calls, and suggests you pop down the pub for last orders.  You say “I think I’m going to have an early night” tired from all the socialising.  Well, that’s how an introvert feels after an hour of meetings.  Or after one long phone call.  Once you can understand that, we can move onto the deeper implications).  I also think its right that introverts need to be told that there is nothing wrong with them, that its just a characteristic they have, like their height, eye colour or sexuality.  But I don’t think we need to get extraverts to compromise as much as Susan Cain seems to think we do

Lets take her discussion of education.  Susan Cain says

1.  Introverts do better at school than extraverts

2. The school system is increasingly biased towards extraverts in how children are taught to learn

3. There are more extraverts than introverts (actually, I think Susan Cain overestimates the number of introverts – everything I’ve read suggest we are 25% of the population)

Now – for right or wrong – our school system is set towards getting everyone to the same level.  It doesn’t do a wonderful job of helping those who are capable of excelling excel, because it spends its time picking up the pieces of those who are falling behind.  Now, looking at the statements above we see that, despite the extravert education system, the introverts are doing well.  On average, they don’t need more help.  Its the extraverts – the majority – who need help.  So doesn’t it make sense to have an education system which teaches extraverts in the way they find the best to learn?  Its at the expense of the introverts doing even better – but hey, its not the extraverts who are going to pop down the library and carry on with self study on their own, is it?

I’m tempted to think that the workplace is the same.  Now, I’m going to make assumptions here – some are probably unjustified, and many are based on talking to my wife, who is the sort of extravert who makes extraverts go “wow – she talks a lot”.  Really, its all a lot of guess work.  But its been through my mind, and feels sufficiently right for me to want to put down on paper – which is better than you’ll get from the average extravert’s blurtings.  A workplace is full of extraverts and introverts.  Probably still in similar ratios.  Introverts, when they see problems, or opportunities to change things, will look them over, come up with a few ideas, and then (if they still like them) will tell someone.  Extraverts are different.  Extraverts don’t really believe in the reality of an idea until they’ve told someone else about it – until the idea has left their head and entered the world.  So extraverts hold meetings.  And they brainstorm.  And generally tire out the introverts (who would much rather just read the minutes, then come back with their own thoughts on the matter).

Without the meetings.  Without the ability to shout over cubical walls, the poor extraverts won’t be able to get anything done.  Productivity drops by 75%.  Now, if you rule out the introverts, productivity will only fall by 25%.  And it won’t even fall by that amount because introverts have a couple of tools in their arsenal which they learn to exploit.

The first is to be friends with an extravert.  Or, you know, marry one (a risky decision, but its working out for me).  You can manage your time with the extravert, and use that time to explain your ideas to him.  All you have to do is win over the extravert, then he’ll do the job of winning over everyone else.  Of course, you’ve got to pick you extravert… you want one of the really popular, really convincing ones.  But if you provide the ideas (and yes, act as his sounding board… it would be better if you didn’t have do, but at least its only one person, and you can control the situation more), then they’ll spread.  You might not get the credit, but that means you won’t have to deal with the other people that taking the credit entails.  Your pet extravert will, however, consider you his secret sauce – and won’t want to leave you behind.

The second is to learn public speaking.  “But introverts can’t speak publicly!” I hear you cry.  Um, we can.  Because when you speak publicly, its a very managed situation – moreover,  you’ve thought of what you’re going to say, and how you’re going to say it beforehand.  Its a learned skill, that anyone with a few evenings to spend at a Toastmasters group can pick up.  Moreover, I’ve noticed public speaking unlocks a slightly different personality – the crown pleasing, crowd controlling, dare I say it, charismatic me.  Now, I can’t keep this version of me turned on for too long, it drains me.  But when I’m in a meeting, and I have to take control, remembering to switch to ‘Presentation Ben’ is a big advantage.  Still think you can’t do it?  Trust me, you do it all the time.  If, like me, you live in your head, then everything you do is a presentation, an act to portray yourself to the world.  Many of our best known comedians and actors are good public speakers.  Hell, so is Susan Cain.  She knows she can do this – I know that almost anyone can.

The final trick is to know your energy.  And to honour your energy.  If you’re feeling tired, you need to recuperate.  Right now, I’m sitting in a hotel room in London, taking a break from the world.  Because work does drain me (moreso since I’ve got myself involved in the world of product management meetings).  And, bless her, my lovely wife can drain me too – and certainly joining her in activities she loves (which involve lots and lots of other people.  Did I mention that I hate people?) drain me.  So I’ve taken a few days to escape.  And be on my own.

So it doesn’t need to be a war.  You just have to accept that the extraverts need to do things there way, and we need to make a life in that world…

Or we did.

Because half my life ago now, the my little, introverted, world changed.  And it was all due to introverts.

Specifically, it was due to the group of introverts who built and brought to me the internet.

As an introvert, the net is wonderful.  Right now, I’m sharing ideas with you – and it isn’t tiring, its the opposite, its a release, because these ideas are finally leaving my skull and going outside where they can bother other people.  I don’t have to talk to you.  I don’t have to race to keep up with both thinking and talking (hmm, that could be a good slogan “Introverts think without talking.  Extraverts talk without thinking”).  Meanwhile, my shopping is delivered to the door (and the sooner they have robot deliverymen the better), my books arrive straight on my kindle.   I still get to meet new people, but I meet them at my rate – at the rate of thinking, not at the rate of talking – or the more common rate of smalltalking.  And, when all the meetings get too much, I can work from home, and actually get stuff done.

In peace and quiet.


And the research suggests that the stuff I get done this way, is going to be better than the stuff extraverts bash out between themselves at meetings.

So who am I to complain?

I never wanted to be president.  To much shaking hands and dealing with people.

No, the vizier behind the throne.  That’s power.  After all, presidents only last for 8 years.

Ideas… they last quite a bit longer.


I spent yesterday at TedXGranta.  Presumably, you’re familiar with the TED conference – TEDXs are smaller, local conferences which follow the same format of short presentations and conversation, under license from TED, but organised and run locally.  There were a wide range of talks, some of which I found myself more interested in than others (as you might expect), but right now, rather than listing them all I’m more interested in drawing out the themes which ran across the talks, as these felt like the ‘bigger’ ideas hidden within the more specific, smaller, ideas of the speakers.

The first two presentations were by Tim Morley – talking about teaching Esperanto in Schools, and Eben Upton – talking about using the Raspberry Pi to bring back proper computer teaching to schools.  They shared a common concept – it was about giving children a simplified device – or language – for the purposes of piquing their interest and making their own discoveries.  It was likened to giving people a recorder to get them started in music.  A friend commented to me that he tried learning Esperanto as a child and never got anywhere.  I responded that he also had a microcomputer in those days (which is what the Pi seeks to be a modern day version of) and took to it like a duck to water.  It isn’t about making everyone a linguistic master, its about democratising opportunities to find out what you love.

A second big idea was the benefits that come from empowering minorities.  David Constantine’s NPO Motivation provide wheelchairs for the developing world – but his motivation went far beyond simply offering mobility – he wanted to offer self respect and participation in society.  He’s doing a truly fantastic job.  Closer to home, Flack – a Cambridge listings magazine is offering the same benefits to the City’s homeless.  Rather than focussing on the problems of homeless people, Flack encourages them to use their talents, skills and creativity.  Again, its all about empowerment.  We also saw a video presentation of Susan Cain’s speech about introversion (which is making a bit of a buzz right now).  While I have some issues with the contents of her speech (thats another blog post… and probably a second post once ‘ve read her book and seen exactly what her ideas are in depth), she points out the modern society is marginalising introverts – potentially a secret oppressed minority in front of our eyes (or, in may case, behind my eyes.  Introverts will get that joke… extraverts, maybe less so).  She also says that empowering introverts will bring new and better ideas which can change the world.

The final big idea was that we should bring the things to the people.  Raspberry Pi and Esperanto are examples of this – the low cost (of the Pi device, or of learning Esperanto well enough to teach it to others) puts them into the hands ofchildren who can benefit.  Shelly Katz displayed his new instrument / performance device: the Symphonova.  its a device which will allow him to bring the sounds – and live reactivity – of an orchestra onto a far smaller stage.  And also a device which will allow people with my personal levels of musicality to sit amongst and play within an orchestra.  Tim Hayward (once a writer for the Guardian, and now the Guardian of the sticky buns) talked bringing the foodie revolution which has happened in the high end restaurants of London, into the smaller indie venues on the high street.  He’s starting by saving Fitzbillies – something I have to approve of, even if gluten intolerance means I’ll never again taste the benefits (That said, my wife, who is frequently sniffy about British cakes seems to have become a convert to his Chelsea Buns, so I assume he is doing a good job).  Finally Tim Minshall taled about the problems of bringing engineering to the people – because people didn’t know what engineering is (just as an aside, while I’m sure children don’t know what Engineers do – do they also not know what inventors do?  Or games programmers?  Or chemists?  Could all the problems in his speech be that he is being more abstract than he needs to be?)

I haven’t mentioned everyone here – the talks were eclectic, and I’m only picking on the things that kept coming up time and time again.  I could have easilty considered a few more (engineering + design changes the world.  Art + Technology = wow.  engineering + art + emotion = wallace and grommit).  But time is short.  And there is one more thing I want to address:

Presentations are what has made TED famous.  TED presentations are flawless.  And yet the quality of the presentation skills at TEDXGranta was variable.  To be fair, no one was awful – when you’ve been to as many tech conferences as me, you’re prepared for far worse speaking, but time and time again I was raging to myself “If only I could have spent a little time tweaking this guy’s words.  If only I could have had an hour with these guys showing them how to use the stage more, or how to put down their notes and speak from the heart.  If I could teach how to keep track of the clock, and make it their friend.  If I could redo their slides – or convince them to throw them away”.  Presentations are important to me.  Every presentation at TEDXGranta had really valuable content – and I feel picky by complaining about one aspect.  But its communication.  Without both action and communication, ideas are nothing.  And a less than stella presentation (and this is a learnable skill folks, not something you have to be born with) distracts from the communication.  It makes the idea a little less valuable.  And a little less likely to change the world.  And the ideas I heard yesterday are already changing the world.  And need to be heard more.

Susan Cain said it ” There is no correlation between the best thinkers and the best speakers”.  This isn’t an excuse folks.  If you have good ideas, you have to learn to find a way share them.  Thats why I write this blog.  Thats why I love TED in all its forms.  It doesn’t matter if you are an introvert.  If an idea is valuable, it’s up to you to ensure you show it in all its beauty.